Ishyirahamwe ryo kubungabunga ibidukikije mu Rwanda

Ishyirahamwe ryo kubungabunga ibidukikije mu Rwanda (mu gifaransa: Association pour la Conservation de la Nature au Rwanda [ACNR]) ni Umuryango utegamiye kuri Leta washinzwe muri Kanama 1992[1][2] mu rwego rwo gushyira mu bikorwa u Rwanda, Itangazo rya Rio ku bidukikije n'iterambere. ACNR yiyemeje guteza imbere kubungabunga urusobe rw'ibinyabuzima binyuze mu micungire kandi irambye yo gucunga umutungo kamere mu Rwanda. Ibikorwa byibanda ku guteza imbere no gushyira mu bikorwa gahunda, ingamba n’imishinga kugira ngo urusobe rw’ibinyabuzima (amashyamba, ibishanga), cyane cyane inyoni n’uturere tw’ibinyabuzima (IBA) bibungabunzwe kandi bikarindwa, kugira ngo ubuzima bwabyo n’ubunyangamugayo bibe mu mibereho yabyo.[3][4]

Ibiguruka bititaweho neza byazazimira

ACNR ni ishyirahamwe ryabanyamuryango hamwe nabanyamuryango 135 baturutse mu gihugu hose. Amatsinda 14 yigisha kumutungo kamere n'imibereho y'inyamaswa mumashuri (abantu barenga 3.500) hamwe na santeri 5.

InshinganoEdit

 
Kwita ku biguruka

Inshingano z'umuryango ACNR ni uguteza imbere no kubungabunga urusobe rw'ibinyabuzima binyuze mugushyiraho imicungire irambye yo kwita k'umutungo kamere mu Rwanda.

IcyerecyezoEdit

Icyerekezo cy'umushinga wa ACNR nugufasha abanyarwanda bose kumva kandi bakagira uruhare mukubungabunga urusobe rwibinyabuzima kubwinyungu zabazabakomokaho ndetse nigihe kizaza.

Itegeko rigenga ibikorwa by'umushinga ACNREdit

Imbaraga zo kubungabunga ubutaka ku isi zishimangirwa n’igihugu ndetse n’ibihugu by’amategeko agenga ibidukikije. Harimo amategeko agenga umutungo, amategeko agenga imikoreshereze yubutaka, amategeko yimisoro nogushyigikira imari, hamwe noguha ubushobozi amategeko yo kubungabunga no kurengera ibidukikije biherereye muduce twashyizweho n'abantu, aya mategeko ashyirwaho kandi yihariye n'igihugu cyangwa akemezwa n'inama igena amategeko y'igihugu.Turahuza abakora ibikorwa byo kubungabunga ibidukikije bakoresha, batezimbere kandi bahuza ibikoresho byemewe n'amategeko hamwe na politiki kugirango bashireho uburyo bukomeye butuma abantu n’imiryango bakora ibikorwa byiza kandi birambye byo kubungabunga ubutaka mu nkiko zabo.

Ubushakashatsi bwakozwe n'umushinga mu mujyi wa KigaliEdit

 
Rwanda Nature Conservation Area

Kigali n'umurwa mukuru n'umujyi munini w'u Rwanda. Ni mu gihugu hagati, washinzwe mu 1907 kuri metero 1.567 (5,141 ft). Ubu ituwe na baturage bagera kuri miliyoni 1.2 kandi igizwe n'uturere dutatu aritwo: Gasabo, Kicukiro na Nyarugenge (Umujyi 2016)[5]. Ubushakashatsi bwakorewe mu turere twose tugize uyu mujyi wa Kigali, ahantu 5 hakorewe ubushakashatsi; 3 muri ho ni abattoirs (Nyabugogo, Kabuga & Kicukiro abattoir) n'imbuga 2 zimenwaho imyanda (nyanza & Nduba) aho ushobora gusanga imirambo y'ibiguruka n' imyanda aho usanga ubwoko bwibisimba byinshi bigaragaye murwego rwo kugirango zibone ibyo zirya. Umubare wose wakoreshejwe mugihe cyo gusura ibice bitabwaho imyanda kugirango hasuzumwe ibisigazwa by'ibiguruka byahatakarije ubuzima ndetse nibindi bihashakira imibereho byashyizwe hanze Ku ya 29 Nzeri 2017, 23 Ukwakira 2017, na 10 Werurwe 2018, Association pour la Conservation de la Nature au Rwanda (ACNR), kubufatanye Kaminuza yu Rwanda (UR), umujyi wa Kigali, imicungire y'ibimboteri 2 b'imyanda, nabantu batuye munkengero nabatuye hafi yaho ubushakashatsi bwarimo gukorerwa kugirango hamenyekane ubwoko bw’ibisimba, imiryango biturukamo no kwita kukumenya igituma ibisimba bigabanuka, ubushakashatsi bwabereye ku kimboteri cya Nyanza, Mwendo na Nduba, ndetse no muri Nyabugogo, Kicukiro na Kabuga abattoirs mumujyi wa Kigali, u Rwanda[6][7][8][9]

UmwanzuroEdit

Ubu bushakashatsi bwatanga amakuru yibanze kugirango ashimangire ubuvugizi bwo kubungabunga ubuturo bwubwoko bwibisimba mumujyi ndetse nigihugu muri rusange. Ibi bizaganisha kuri guteza imbere gahunda y'ibikorwa byuzuye yo kubungabunga ibisiga byamenyekanye muri Rwanda.

IndanganturoEdit

  1. https://www.landconservationnetwork.org/node/428686
  2. https://www.africangreatlakesinform.org/organization/association-pour-la-conservation-de-la-nature-au-rwanda-acnr
  3. https://www.coebiodiversity.ur.ac.rw/?q=content/association-pour-la-conservation-de-la-nature-au-rwanda
  4. https://www.greenfinder.co.za/Conservation/Association-pour-la-Conservation-de-la-Nature-au-Rwanda-ACNR
  5. https://www.ajol.info/index.php/vulnew/article/view/221279
  6. http://datazone.birdlife.org/sowb/casestudy/west-african-raptors-are-faring-poorly-outside-of-protected-areas
  7. https://africanbirdclub.org/sites/default/files/2017%20-%20Kigali%20Vulture%20survey%20-%20Rwanda%20-%20Gilbert%20Micomyiza.pdf
  8. https://www.africanbirdclub.org/sites/default/files/Nigeria_Yankari_Vultures_2006_0.pdf
  9. https://www.iucn.org/tags/regions/rwanda